Rock and sling

It is always self-defeating to pretend to the style of a generation younger than your own; it simply erases your own experience in history.

Crowdfunding in Spain, in data. Infographics

Nowadays, the sources of alternative financing are revolutionizing the way of investing and financing both companies and individuals.

One of these forms of alternative financing is crowdfunding or crowdfunding whose literal meaning is a crowd, crowd, and funding. It is also known as collective financing by the Spanish Royal Academy of Language.

It is the union of a group of people who lend their money through crowdfunding platforms, to finance projects and ideas of other people or organizations.

The term crowdfunding was used for the first time in the article “The Rise of Crowdfunding” published by the American magazine Wired and written by Jeff Howe and Mark Robinson in the year 2008.

The following graph, developed by Google Trends, shows the evolution of the interest generated by the term crowdfunding in Spain.


Infographics of crowdfunding in Spain


In the following infographic, we summarize the evolution and crowdfunding data in Spain.

Origins of crowdfunding

Image result for crowdfunding spainThe origins of crowdfunding are much older than we can think, in fact, when it originated there were not even computers.

In 1830, an appeal was made to the public to finance a project consisting of a fish-shaped balloon and between 1883 and 1884 Joseph Pulitzer used crowdfunding through his newspaper to finish the Statue of Liberty in New York to change of rewards in the form of recognition of citizen participation and a replica of the statue as thanks. In just 6 months, it was possible to raise more than $ 100,000 with the collaboration of 125,000 citizens.

In our era, the first case of Crowdfunding in Spain was in 1956 when the inventor of the mop Manuel Jalón, with the help of his neighbor Pepita, got financing by visiting other neighbors for the industrial manufacture of 2000 mops.

Another appearance of crowdfunding in Spain took place in 1989 when the rock group Extremoduro became the first Spanish music group to publish an album through crowdfunding, getting 250,000 pesetas.

But crowdfunding can not only be carried out through the provision of money, but it can also facilitate knowledge, know-how (know how), etc .; a clear example is Wikipedia, which is written and published thanks to the collaboration of many people.


Types of Crowdfunding


Within the crowdfunding we can differentiate 4 types:

  • Crowdfunding of donation: It is normally carried out with solidarity projects and humanitarian aid in which the investors who lend their money do not receive in exchange any consideration.
  • Crowdfunding of reward: Usually carried out with cultural or artistic projects in which the patrons who lend their money receive a reward in return, either in the form of thanks or merchandising, depending on the money that is provided.
  • Crowdfunding of loan or crowdlending: Private investors lend their money to other people or organizations that need financing in exchange for a return for their money.
  • Crowdfunding of participation or crowd equity: People who lend their money to a company receive in return a share in the profits of the same in relation to the money they have contributed.

In this article we are going to focus on pure crowdfunding, that is, reward and donation.


Origin and evolution of crowdfunding platforms in Spain

Origin and evolution of crowdfunding platforms in Spain

The first Crowdfunding platforms in Spain were created in 2010 and were Verkami and Lánzanos; Today there are more than 50 crowdfunding platforms registered in Spain.

According to figures published by Massolution, an international consultancy on Crowdfunding, in 2012 11% of the crowdfunding websites were based in Spain, collecting 0.7% of the total Crowdfunding platforms worldwide.
In 2014, crowdfunding in Spain increased 114% in relation to the previous year, with the global amount raised by Crowdfunding worldwide at 34.4 billion dollars in 2015; the amount that doubles the figure of the previous year.

The development of these crowdfunding platforms in Spain is largely due to the development of two technological advances:

  • The security in the payments through Internet
  • The great growth of social networks

According to the Spanish crowdfunding association, of crowdfunding platforms in Spain, 65.5% belong to Crowdfunding of donation or reward.

Through the study “Access to the financing of SMEs in Spain” carried out by the University of Valencia, it can be seen that since 2012, projects in Spain worth more than 100 million euros have been financed (62 million in 2014, 29 million in 2013 and 10 million in 2012).

According to a study by Crowdsurfer (Business Intelligence services company), Spain is among the top five countries within the European Union in amounts obtained through Crowdfunding websites with 21.6 million euros and only behind the United Kingdom, France, Germany, and the Netherlands.


Types of projects

The types of projects can be classified into different categories depending on each crowdfunding web platform and the theme on which its activity is based, and it can be of many types, among which we can find: art, music, cinema, science, fashion, games, technology, etc.

According to data from the Spanish Crowdfunding Association:

  • The average amount requested per project is € 1,128 in donation crowdfunding and € 2,804 in reward crowdfunding.
  • The average duration of the projects is 80 days for donations and 40 days for rewards.
  • The average commission is 3.5% in donation projects and 5.6% in reward projects.


Spanish Association of Crowdfunding

The Spanish Association of Crowdfunding, member of the World Crowdfunding Federation (WCF) is created with the aim of promoting crowdfunding as a good form of financing and to represent all the crowdfunding platforms in Spain, currently with 39 members.

This association has published a code of practices to be adopted by all these crowdfunding platforms in order to protect their patrons and investors.


Regulation of Crowdfunding platforms in Spain

Regulation of Crowdfunding platforms in Spain

With the approval of Law 5/2015 on the Promotion of Business Financing, a new way of differentiating the types of Crowdfunding is carried out in only two modalities:

  • Financial or investment crowdfunding: It encompasses Crowdlending and Equity Crowdfunding.
  • Non-financial Crowdfunding: They are the crowdfunding of donation and reward.

This new regulation of crowdfunding platforms in Spain only refers to financial Crowdfunding.

The Crowdfunding of donation will be regulated by the Law of Patronage and Donations and the crowdfunding of reward through the regulation that regulates the trade since there is a delivery of goods or services.

This Law also makes a differentiation regarding investors, which may be of two types:

  • Accredited: They meet a series of requirements in terms of income and assets that allow them to invest without limit of amount.
  • Not accredited: Having a higher risk, they have an investment limit of € 3000 per project and € 10,000 per year in total investment in all the crowdfunding platforms in Spain.


Information On Commencing A Web Hosting Business

The solar installation is to help you save money on your electric expenses. It may supplement it or even eliminate it. When installing the solar system for your house, should you buy it or even should you lease it?

These payday loans are usually unsecured personal loans and perhaps certainly one of their most significant advantages are usually that everyone can get all of them- Turelovewatches official website. And the minimum amount that could be availed from this loan is going to be around 1000 dollars. This particular payday scheme is a perfect loan scheme for UNITED STATES people in this hectic lifestyle schedule. Those people who have several past bad credit information can also apply for these financial loans without any restriction. But you have to prove your identity since USA citizens can make an application for this loan offer.

I personally like resistance artists, not merely because of the lower price, nevertheless because they are portable, versatile and much more versatile compared to the set of hand weights. If you want a good set of degree of resistance bands. I would recommend occasionally the Bodylastics Home Gym or maybe the Golds Gym Opposition Rings. Of the two the particular Bodylastics provides more choices.

1) First of all, leasing a van could cost less. An employee leasing example can help you save a lot of money and not just when it comes to renting costs. If you rent your own vehicles your company can also conserve a lot of money on maintenance plus repairs, as leasing businesses will take care of testing the particular van. This could save you hundreds, if not hundreds of thousands, depending on the quantity vehicles in your fleet.

Mileage is really a key consideration. If you do twelve to 15, 000 MLS a year you should fit effortlessly into most advantages and disadvantages of employee leasing. Yet be sure that you correctly calculate your mileage and be sure the lease is composed to accommodate your needs.

Rental amounts modify a lot and that’s why I visit Craigslist, or something similar to this, to find out what the prevailing lease is for a property like your own; it really varies from 7 days to week, and monthly depending upon supply and requirement. The best thing to do in that procedure is charged a little bit lower than what the prevailing rent is usually; you’ll have a lot more people to select from.

Your own sign will be exposed to the weather, 24/7, 365 days per year. Look for a national LED provider that builds their indications to withstand the forces associated with nature. Ask if they can a list of satisfied customers in most 50 states and further than.

Finally, find out that the choices at the end of the lease are usually. Can the period of rent be extended, or can you really complete the purchase from the vehicle, should you so wish?

Jobless Cash Loans Cash Help For The Jobless People

At some point you need urgent cash total meet financial disparities. The very best solution to such kind of scenario is 500 cash financial loans. These are short-term loans issued to satisfy immediate needs. These financial loans provide an amount of $500 in order to $1, 500 to meet wish needs. One does not need in order to stand in long lines or undergo paperwork or even documentation to avail these types of loans. Thus these are temporary financial assistance for which needs cash amount urgently in mid of the 30 days.

Payday loans are short-term loans, which have to be remitted back again on the next day of the payday. You have to give the lenders the postdated check, as the confidence for the repayment. They will gather the money from your account utilizing the check on the due date. It really is attractive since it does not need any other collateral security or even a good credit report.

The customer gets this benefit intended for 1-30 days at the inexpensive interest rate. Repayment is possible effortlessly rock & sling on next payday. These types of loans are available 24/7 meaning that every day and every hour. Much more when the loan was probably on working hours from the banks and loan companies. Today enjoy loan services through the weekdays to the weekends. To get the best deal usually take a loan from a reliable and reputed lender just. Keep in mind that the loans price nothing. These loans are helpful for many purposes. Telephone expenses, electricity bills and home restoration everything is possible with these financial loans. No need to ask your family or even friends for money.

First, proceed through your credit report carefully, line simply by line, and mark every item that is incorrect. Look for balances that don’t belong to a person, late payments that you really feel were not late, incorrect personal data, everything.

The second most active factor you can do to help your credit rating is usually to always make your payments punctually. This is a simple thing to do which will really impact your credit ratings. Late payments hurt to your credit rating.

To obtain these installment loans- monthly payments- higher than payday loans, you may use internet options. The online technique is a fast, easy and straightforward way to make an application for these loans. You just need in order to fill an online application form offering all your personal information such as your own name, age, job standing and salary. If all of the requirements of the lender are usually fulfilled, the loan is going to be availed to you without any trouble.

Dwayne ‘The Rock’ Johnson Provides His ‘Final Ko’ In Order To John Cena

In a previous write-up, my hate for the yearly LSU and Auburn online game made me propose that the most typical nicknames in college sports activities, like the Tigers, Bulldogs plus Panthers, should be banned. Rather colleges should be forced to select some more unique names. I actually decided to help these colleges that need new nicknames simply by listing some of the unique nicknames in college sports so they can choose from. Below are the fifteen most unique nicknames in college sports.

The particular film features an outfit cast that is somewhat surprising. It includes everyone from Dorothy Michelle Gellar of Buffy the Vampire Slayer Popularity to Dwayne “The Rock” Johnson. There are a ton associated with recognizable faces as well, even though most of the audience probably won’t understand the actors by name.

Moore, as the spouse of the film’s lead personality, didn’t show anything brand new but was more than adequate within the part. The same could be stated for any number of other character types in the film like these played by John Larroquette, Jon Lovitz, Miranda Richardson and others.

Andy is seventeen now and very close to leaving behind for college. He won’t rock & sling play with this old playthings and they are rotting away in the toy chest. Toy Tale 3 brings back the magic associated with Woody and Buzz Lightyear with a bit of a twist. I am really not going to reveal the story plot for those who still haven’t observed this movie. So, so what are you waiting for? Rent the DVD nowadays.

Yet unlike those celebrities, We didn’t have a lot of time for you to spend at the gym each day, neither could I afford expensive fitness training or fancy supplements.

Leonardo DiCaprio’s The Great Gatsby marketed a respectful $23. Four million in tickets getting its total to $90. 2 million dollars. The particular Michael Bay comedy criminal offense caper Pain and Obtain staring Mark Wahlberg plus Dwayne ‘The Rock’ Manley finished fourth with $3. 1 million. This provides its total to $46. 6 million.

Remorseful, guys, this one is a dud in my book. If you choose to let it, you do it at your personal risk. You may find that you have lost the $3 to $5 rental price. I provide this one and one-half superstars only and that is strictly for your acting.

Start A Business Funding Balances Receivables For Companies

For most people, the obvious choice is using for business financing loans to satisfy any debts they will often have. However, people are mostly turned down by banks because the loans offer you are best used for long-term, not for short-term needs. In addition, most bank financing does not offer small loans. That need several hundred of dollars to obtain them by until your next payday have little odds of being approved for an online payday loans loan.

The bigger they are, the more influence they have. In this case, I am talking about massive business. If you want to do business with all of them, you merely have to face the truth that they will often drive a very difficult bargain such as insisting upon 60 days to pay invoices.

Solving this issue is worth the time and difficulty, as it will allow the business to get some breathing room and revel in its growth. All probable solutions should be explored, as being an are more of a fit compared to others. Obtaining fresh funds is always the way to go if the repayment is not onerous. Getting the cash is always the goal, however, it has to make economic feeling over the long run. Be careful not to leap from a small fire to some big fire that can eat you and your business in debt.

If you are looking for any kind of hard money loan towards real estate, that’s the specialty which I can help provide for you. Industrial residential or farm anything you have is going factoring loans to be really important.

The invoice discounting companies are not finance companies. On a contrary to bank loans, the decision to get invoices is influenced generally by the quality and balance of the customer base rather than the monetary fundamentals of the company alone. The invoice factoring Company acquires the book debts from the company for a discount. The other business gets the cash within a working day by the sale of the consideration receivable.

Most company owners understand sales but a couple of understanding the intricacies of applying active accounts receivable administration strategy. In fact, it is probably the most overlooked aspects of business these days and it could be costing you of customers and a lot of money. Your own customer bought from you prior to, if you provided a good product or even service, they are very likely to purchase from you again. Don’t drop them before their following purchase.

Running a business for 2 years or much less. Banks want to see credit history. When you have only been in business intended for 1-2 years this places you in the high-risk group.

There are two things should take from this post. First, factoring is a great fund tool for businesses which have cash flow problems. If your own does, give it a look. Second, the financial tools open to businesses are much more flexible in order to individuals, so do not believe there isn’t something out there that will assist your business.

Cash Advances On Your Credit Demands

Through applying for an undesirable credit unsecured loan, you are setting up a good credit score. We make certain a loan amount of money and a charge that matches your needs along with your credit report. Last approval together with funding of this loan depends upon your electrical signature over the loan understanding and confirmation of your software information.

Your money may very well be directly lodged into your bill by a financial institution in as little as twenty-four hours. Openness, speed and additionally ease of acquiring a loan. All of our lenders may well direct down payment the money straight away to your banking accounts. Reliable lenders will never discourage through searching for the top deal or perhaps pressure a person into funding more than you can afford.

Loans are frequently extended about four times or higher, if essential. What this means is that you pays your mortgage loan back first, and you pay only interest right on borrowed for your period that you contain the credit. I put read the fact that mortgage representatives usually take a look at a slightly different FICO ranking that ideas installment financial loans more than the excellent FICO will, and that home finance loan officers prefer to see quite a few history having use of loan products, even if however materially impact the credit score per se. Loan quantities, as well as bank loan approvals, usually are evaluated over the number of components determined inside your loan application, for example, credit, work, mortgage payment history, and also many elements.

Regarding Sutton, of which meant one more seven several months of fifty dollars payments. In the event the borrower could not pay the agreed quantity typically off a payday loan could be rolled above into the pursuing month. Prosper, although it requires at least credit score connected with 640, Thrive offers unprotected personal loans by $2, 1000 to thirty-five dollars, 000 and even competitive APRs from some. 99% for you to 36. 00%.

However your credit may take a hit out of participating in most of these programs in case the company is not on the ball using payments, and even potential loan companies might try to hide if they find out you’re at a debt management software. You can find no earlier payoff fees and penalties. Everything you should be accredited for an installation loan certainly is a verifiable income source with constant pay check-ups, an open bank account, and a logical Social Security number.

Often the FICO ranking ranges coming from 300 to help 850, the perfect credit score. The best installment loan company, Unfortunately, existence doesn’t work like that. Or even is his or her case therefore weak virtually no attorney would likely dare carry that endure? We at present report to among the three main credit bureaus, TransUnion. You can article the transaction of sequel loans thru automatic breaks from your banking accounts, personal giving it out in the store, over the phone or even ACH, whatever is more effortless to match your needs.

The job seeker does not have to contact a face-to-face or telephonic conversation; most communication will be via the net. You will learn that a majority of lenders, besides SBA promises, will ask for that you promise personal possessions as security for startup company installment business loans. When myFICO strives to provide the correct information, most people show an overview to help you opt what are installment loans used for a product, definitely not the full legitimate terms — and well before applying you need to understand the entire terms of goods as stated from the issuer alone. When it’s an authoritative plus informative reference, is only your referral website and not a direct lender. Be sure you compare not less than redirect provider installment money for terrible credit before is made your ultimate decision.

If you are installment loans in ohio for bad credit looking for a huge installment financial loan, this is not an excellent option for anyone. Payment funding is generally what is accustomed to making a person big order. Installing loans are classified as the latest enhancements in the purchaser finance sector.

Banks Instant Friend? Or Perhaps Foe

This will likely also need to always be expressed as the decimal by just dividing the quantity by hundred, so it will probably be 0. 67/100, or zero. 0067, as soon as used in typically the equation. We have been now able to evaluate the per month installment. Sailing may be cheaper than you believe. The main is the deal with the amount of money to be paid, while fascination is the time period cost of funding.

Excellent application, but it has to have a reset option to reboot new calculations. This is not definitely what happens using yearly or even simple interest installment loan calculator awareness, it’s a lot more like a “boom” 10% extra each year! The drawback to this will be people are a smaller amount informed within the mathematical data involved in resulting in the schedule. In some instances, you may buy a brand new ship for around $250 a month, whilst a new PWC long term installment loans with bad credit may be purchased between $125 monthly.

To make sure that students be aware of mathematical thought of interest rates, distribute the “Loan Calculation” Learner Organizer. Actually generally found in personal loans and even hire buy (car) funding. Without the more payment, easier going with owing $89, 836. Forty-seven at vitality after several years. Consequently, the bank performed the computation correctly.

Which makes a fixed-rate mortgage more desirable than the adjustable-rate mortgage loan for most residence buyers. But I need to say it is the best in the industry right now. The auto loan monthly interest was 12% p. Your. And the bank loan tenure has been set with four decades. Having been of the view that a career is an important tool in order to eradicate low income and banks’ have a massive role to experience by ensuring supply of knowledge loans towards the needy.

As soon as they reach individuals will traverse several internet pages as they find the proper car plus the right amount for them. Bankers also may connect your rate of interest to a standard, usually the top rate of interest. Note that level r together with time capital t should be inside the same time models such as weeks or many years. Our ensure expires four weeks after you get your bank loan.

You could encounter mistakes on our web page while using an old version of sites Explorer. Nevertheless, if you pay back the loan early on, you will end up forking over more awareness with a Tip of 80 loans compared to the corresponding “pure interest” personal loan. Students and then need to estimate the half a dozen different reimbursement amounts, as well as the monthly installments that you will find required for some sort of one-year mortgage term (they will use basic interest calculations).

Be aware that after you reach the final of your mortgage loan period, the fact that balloon volume becomes payable. Use this easy interest online car loan calculator to find A, the ultimate Investment Worth, using the easy interest method: A Sama Dengan P(1 rt) where G is the Primary amount of money being invested in an Interest Rate R% per interval for p Number of Schedules. Realize that depending on construction HOA service fees can increase significantly 10-15 years after the structure is created, as any problems with build quality commence to emerge.

Credit Card Debt Settlement Plans – How Do They Will Work?

#3. Restricts Under-Age Credit Customers. If you are under 21, you possibly will not get flooded having charge card offers. without a cosigner which is. I think this will inconvenience a number of, but for many moms and dads, this really is needed. Want to prove revenue at the same time if you want the credit worthiness.

For instance, if you had given $3000 five yrs ago, you might now are obligated to repay $5000 (principle additionally interest). A debt consolidation loan program may require removing some interest so that you spend below $5000.

When it comes to credit debt settlement ໒( ⇀ ‸ ↼ )७ help services, you are going to spend a fee for the expert services they provide. Considering that many consumers can’t work out a debt settlement and also some of the reputable providers, the fee is probably worth it.

Don’t listen to typically the credit card companies! They want you to definitely keep paying whenever possible. And as long as possible. Which can be the honorable move to make. After all, you’re the main one who got into financial debt in the first place. But occasionally life doesn’t work out and about like you planned. Therefore you need help. So if you cannot make your payments, in that case, settlement may be a choice.

The final of the programs to lessen debt that we are going to talk about are select financial services debt settlement. What these companies perform is negotiate immediately with your debtors. His or her goal is to get the lowest payoff value as possible. You can, theoretically, do this yourself, nevertheless, settlement services usually are professionals at discussing, and may have tough business relationships with a few of your creditors. To put it differently, they may be able to enable you to get a much better deal you could get on your own.

Be sure you used the debt settlement option according to economic problems, you don’t have moment or money to be able to waste on a thing that doesn’t offer you the absolute maximum benefits.

However , if you do not want to go face to face with the creditors, a good solution to working out the settlement deal of your credit card debt should be to go to a company specializes credit card debt settlement. A company which offers services on credit card debt relief will work out a great amiable plan of action that you can pay up your financial debt and eventually free yourself coming from any such liabilities.

Debt consolidation is actually a method which is well suited for those people who have several loans to pay. When you have a loan of more than a single creditor then you have to contact the experts regarding debt consolidation. In this technique, you will be able to get more financial loans to pay all the smaller loans. Once you eliminate massive troubles associated with smaller loans then you certainly just have to pay typically the installments of one primary loan. In this time, it is very difficult to pay much more the bills involving than one lender. By selecting this method, you could consolidate your loan products into one big bank loan.

Cash Advance Online Cash Merely A Press Away

Typically, it contains a proof of your career along with an identity data, which might be a driver’s license. You might think that it is a bit too early to begin preparing for Holiday but you understand well that point includes a method of coming on you and before you understand it, you do not have sufficient time – and income – to manage points. The sole subject that’s in the visit an advance loan will be annual percent price or the APR that donate to loans.

Often called payday loans or advance loan, these loans are meant for those who have credit that was less than ideal. Many times cash advance loans online get following the individual gives a check of settlement but not always. You can access businesses that are online that are diverse on the internet . Traditional lenders for example banks or credit unions are unwilling to lend cash to persons with poor credit histories. And when you are fortunate enough the contract will be extended by some lenders to a maximum of 1 month!

Without the two independent savings accounts, the money gets dropped in the shuffle with helping any long-term and sudden fees plans /or neglected and get reserve. Using the support of the loans one can get income to pounds inside 100 dollars’ selection. Injuries that are as much as it do not hurt using the merchant cash advance loan lender online. However undergo a credit check in the event of an internet advance loan that is quick or even you do not should not publish any guarantee.

Just after these have failed in case you consider a paydayloan. If you cannot maintain additional monthly prices, acquiring extras whether by way of a cash advance online or creditcard may possibly not be the very best training for your budget. Way too many people belong to bad debt groups due to the high price of their school education. Such loans are short term options. Once you get your pay, it is generally safer to spend them. Lenders also can obtain funds should you let withdrawal is likely to bank account.

Your retirement will break up on you quicker than you know. A fast advance loan is never a response when your take home money is already overpowered by more and more debt. Some on-line lenders supply you with the ability to send these details via e mail which eliminates the requirement to get a fax machine. Projecting income needs into the future will even consider elements including credit worthiness, credit history, credit score and debt. Since no credit check online cash advances do not belong to the exact same pack of debt as forms, they are a secure method without adjusting the quantities or rates for money concerns that are reported to get the supplemental income. Every one for morphed repayment amount of 14-31 days can acquires simply the loan amount runs from 100 to 1500. Using a security mortgage, you’re able to drop the few items you may have, adding you in a place that is worse than you began in.

The need to find money that is outside is just a weakness in your finances. It is possible to access funds to get routes, travel income to access them. Alternately, you can purchase food till they occur that will help out you. Now let us introduce you the simplest mortgage available in the market, poor credit paydayloans. These numbers seem alarming, but might be containable provided that you pay-back the mortgage when originally planned.

It’s called a pay day loan online and it is the brand new hot way rapidly when you really need it to get money. A mortgage might help augment your Holiday budget in means you-can’t imagine. Their main edge is the fact that they do not demand a credit check. Are you currently useful for 3 months?


Luke 18:25
by Karsten Piper

by Barbara Crooker

Belated Elegy for Padre Kohlm
by Lorraine Healy

The Hedge
by Albert Haley
Our judge this year was also the contest sponsor and R&S consulting editor, Laurie Klein.

Read the winning poem and finalist entries in the Winter 2007 issue coming soon!

The 2007
Virginia Brendemuehl
Prize for Poetry

Virginia Merle Brendemuehl (1921-1999) dreamed of being a concert pianist in an era where girls—especially unmarried redheaded daughters of small town judges—were expected to teach, accompany the local soloist, or play organ in church. All of which she did, but with panache and a madcap zest for making music fun and culturally relevant. An ardent world traveler, patriot, and lifelong supporter of artists, she invested her passionate faith and talents in others, whether they be the children of foreign diplomats or heartland dairy farmers. She had perfect pitch. Loved bikinis and gaudy earrings. Eagerly anticipated familial pranks on her April Fool’s birthday. Mercurial, yet extravagantly generous, her persona may best be expressed by the family’s Yuletide slogan: “Yes, Santa, there really is a Virginia.” To the end of life, she doted on guava juice, prayer, flamboyant clothing, and her two nieces and nephew, who joyfully endow this contest in her name.


First Place: $1,000 plus publication in Rock & Sling

Finalists: Publication in Fall 2007 Rock & Sling

Contest Deadline: July 31, 2007 postmark

Entry fee is $10.00 for three poems. You may enter as many groups of three as you like. Payment (check or money order please) must accompany submission.

Name, address, and phone number must appear in the upper right hand corner of each poem.

Poems will be judged based on literary quality and in consideration of our vision statement. We encourage entrants to visit our website to gain a sense of the kinds of poems we seek.

Poems that have been previously published or have received monetary awards are not eligible. Though Rock & Sling generally accepts simultaneous submissions with notification, we request no simultaneous submissions for the contest.

Manuscripts will not be returned.

Winners will be notified by September 1, 2007 and will be posted on our website thereafter. For notification of receipt of your manuscript, include a self-addressed, stamped postcard. Return envelopes will be discarded; all manuscripts will be recycled, not returned.

Rock & Sling is not responsible for late, lost, or misdirected manuscripts.
Submit poetry and check or money order (U.S. funds) to:
The Virginia Brendemuehl Contest
Rock & Sling
P. O. Box 30865
Spokane, WA 99223


Grand Prize Winner
by Dorothy North

The Very Important Guest
by Jacqueline Michaud

Credo of an American Astronomer
by Jared Belden

Next Exit
by Jared Belden

Judge: Robert Cording

Grand Prize Winner
Good Friday Kiss
by Michelle Bitting

Eve among
by Susan Roney-O’Brien

For Papa Lamar, On the Verge of Death
by Susanna Childress

by Michelle Bitting

This year’s judge was Peter Pereira. Peter divides his time between work as a family physician in Seattle and volunteering as an editor for Floating Bridge Press. He is winner of the 1997 “Discovery”/The Nation Award. His books include The Lost Twin (Grey Spider Press, 2000) and Saying the World (Copper Canyon, 2003) which won the Hayden Carruth Award and was finalist for the Lambda Literary Award, the Triangle Publishing Award, and the Pen USA Award in Poetry.

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